…has existed in the waters of the Earth for millions of years. Notes on the background of Tangleshock.

There are, roughly, 7 billion moderately intelligent human beings on Earth. There are 8 billion intelligent Horizos in the sea. Ten billion intelligent Vertics as well. And 25,748,583,684 very intelligent tangleshocks.

They have never been to a world beyond the water, but they have imagined it. Some of them even suspect that life may exist in an indescribable world “beyond water.”

There have been clues. Things have been found. Strange things, falling from above. But no one can breathe up there. No one can live up there. There’s no real reason even to think that anyone at all could exist up there.

Yet Oroch (the first “hero” of Tangleshock) was certain that someone could. He believed that life was everywhere. And he was willing to risk everything to prove it.

The People

-two types, fish-bodied Vertics and humanoid-formed Horizos (cousin species)

-both possess the ability to create their own light, one blue (Horizos) and rather extreme including brilliant flashes, the other sufficient green (Vertics).

-Both types are comfortable at a depth of 15,000 feet  (blue, lower depth / green, higher)

-The Horizos /Blue have a range of 12,000 feet to 19,000 feet below sea level

-The Vertics / Green have a range of 16,000 feet to 5,000 feet below sea level

-They would perish on the surface without pressurized protection, they would explode

Their Homes

The Vertics:

Much life centers on Vertic Seamounts that rise from the depths, where fish and other sea life congregate to spawn and feed. Living in Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Southern Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Sea of Japan

The Horizos:

Horizos Basin in the Arctic Ocean at 15,305 ft

Ice Basin 17,881 ft. (Arctic)

Ion Basin 16,896 ft (Mediterranean Sea)

Over 30 deep sea trenches where they can thrive

Pacific, Indian and Southern Oceans only, except for the advanced arctic homesteads

Nowhere above 12,000 ft – Rarely found in Atlantic

Crossing to Arctic and to Mediterranean was/is a risky, adventurous, enterprising undertaking in very shallow and strangely inhabited seas

Though the oceans comprise about 71% of the Earth’s surface, due to their depth they encompass about 300 times the habitable volume of the terrestrial habitats on Earth. This is a tremendous wilderness.

Building Materials

Marine environments are the home to many exotic biological materials that may inspire biomimetic materials. These are the foundations of aquatic technology. “In a non-aquatic environment,” one of them might wonder about someone in our world, “how can anyone grow the necessary bio-molecules to form technology? It seems impossible.”

Their Healthcare

Recent marine biotechnology has focused largely on marine biomolecules, especially proteins, that may have uses in medicine (Vertics) or engineering (Horizos). Microscopic life undersea is incredibly diverse and still poorly understood. For example, the role of viruses (VILLAIN?) in marine ecosystems is barely being explored even in the beginning of the 21st century.

While less than 2% of Earth’s oceans have been truly explored, many conditions that are known to humanity are assumed in Tangleshock to exist throughout the seas and must be coped with by the intelligent natives within.

Their Challenges

Vertics – Patrolling the Open Ocean to protect their populations. Conditions in the Open Ocean = lack of nutrients, vast, consists mostly of jellyfish and its predators such as the mola mola, as well as Cnidaria (jellyfish / sea anemones), Ctenophora, sea worms including the phyla Platyhelminthes, Nemertea, Annelida, Sipuncula, Echiura, Chaetognatha, and for Horizos > Phoronida, and Mollusca including shellfish, squid and octopus. Other foods include Arthropoda consisting of Chelicerata and Crustacea, Porifera, Bryozoa, and Echinodermata including starfish. And then there are Urochordata including sea squirts or tunicates. Odd tasty shapes made of unusual materials are reported rarely, origins unknown. Major ocean currents and tides affect ocean life forms, including their growth, distribution and well-being.

Vertics / Exploring the boundaries, the great slopes of the uppermost of detectible sea levels, not quite touching anywhere near the surface but vaguely aware of Intertidal zones (mangroves, cordgrass, beach grass)… those areas close to the end of water, are constantly being retracted before reclaiming territory by the ocean’s tides. A huge array of life lives within this zone. Shore habitats span from the upper intertidal zones to the area where dry vegetation takes prominence. It can be underwater anywhere from daily to very infrequently. Many species here are scavengers, living off of alien forms that might be pulled into the waves. It is suspected that strange animals from beyond the water must exist and may also make much use of the shore and intertidal habitats. Many weird artifacts are discovered on the great slopes here regularly.

Horizos – Vertics / Exploring regions of Hydrothermal vents along the mid-ocean ridge spreading centers that act as oases and their opposites, cold seeps. Such places support unique biomes and many new microbes and other life forms have been discovered at these locations

Vertics / Exploring oil vents and oil clouds, mysterious sudden bursts of black petroleum sometimes caused by strange long rock descending from beyond water. Observation and tracking of new forms of life in those areas.

Horizos / Exploring the depths of the deepest trenches, particularly The deepest recorded oceanic trenches measure to date – the Mariana Trench, near the Philippines, in the Pacific Ocean at 10,924 m (35,838 ft). At such depths, water pressure is extreme and there is no sunlight, but life still exists.

Their Natural Enemies

Vertics VS the Polar Bear (Family Ursidae) considered a marine mammal because of its dependence on the sea. Encounters are rare due to latitude and relatively shallow bear diving depth.

Vertics VS dolphins, and porpoises, as well as Seals (Family Phocidae), sea lions (Family Otariidae – which also include the fur seals), and the Walrus (Family Odobenidae) are considered pinnipeds (all hate the Vertics for some reason)

Vertics VS Predators including mainly sharks and barracuda.

Horizos VS the Giant Sea Snakes (70 meters long, as large a bus)… Despite their marine adaptations, most sea snakes prefer shallow waters not far from land, around islands, especially waters that are somewhat sheltered, as well as near estuaries.

Horizos VS Plantimals (gargantuan aphotic zone carnivores indistinguishable between plant and animal)

Horizos VS some once-thought extinct marine reptiles, such as ichthyosaurs, evolved to be viviparous and have no requirement to return to land.

Their Nutrition Sources

Zooplankton farms (non-microscopic) Many Protozoa including dinoflagellates, zooflagellates, foraminiferans, and radiolarians. Some (like dinoflagellates) are also phytoplankton; cnidarians, ctenophores, chaetognaths, molluscs, arthropods, urochordates, and annelids such as polychaetes. fish larvae and starfish. Most ocean life breeds in specific places, nests or not in others, spends time as juveniles in still others, and in maturity in yet others. These farms attract the most desirable edible sea food. Other types of farms or plots repel certain life.


Considered dangerous are Reefs that comprise some of the densest and most diverse habitats in the world. The best-known types of reefs are tropical coral reefs which exist in most tropical waters; however, reefs can also exist in cold water. Reefs are built up by corals and other calcium-depositing animals, usually on top of a rocky outcrop on the ocean floor. Strange shapes have been reported at the top of the world in these areas.

life cycles of various species and where they spend their time.

Vertics / Mysterious items from a world “above” indicate the existence of a “God” or “Gods.” One third of The People believe it’s one God. One third believe that it’s many Gods. And another third believe that there may be life outside of water.

Horizos / aphotic zone‘s energy supplied by open ocean in form of detritus. the point where sunlight loses its power of transference through the water. Many life forms that live at these depths have the ability to create their own extreme light.


Vertics / Sargass Forest Kelp Forest (macro algae) Sargassum, kelp

Seagrass Meadow (non algae salinity adapted) eelgrass, turtle grass, Zostera

Horizos / Cetaceans include toothed whales (Suborder Odontoceti), such as the Sperm Whale, dolphins, and porpoises such as the Dall’s porpoise. Cetaceans also include baleen whales (Suborder Mysticeti), such as the Gray Whale, Humpback Whale, and Blue Whale. Whales serve as undersea transports, responding to the guidance of The People. Without whales, many Horizos would be restricted to living in Arctic basins.

Sharing The World With

Horizos / phytoplankton = the most numerous primary producers on Earth. cyanobacteria (also called blue-green algae/bacteria), various types of algae (red, green, brown, and yellow-green), diatoms, dinoflagellates, euglenoids, coccolithophorids, cryptomonads, chrysophytes, chlorophytes, prasinophytes, and silicoflagellates.

Vertics / Fish = a two-chambered heart, operculum, secretory cells that produce mucous, swim bladder, scales, fins, lips and eyes. sardines, anchovy, ling cod, clownfish (also known as anemonefish), and bottom fish which include halibut or ling cod.

Reptiles = sea turtles, sea snakes, terrapins, the marine iguana, and the saltwater crocodile.

Extant marine reptiles, except for some sea snakes, are oviparous and need to return to land to lay their eggs. Thus most species, excepting sea turtles, spend most of their lives on or near land rather than in the ocean.

Seabirds = albatross, penguins, gannets, and auks. Although they spend most of their lives in the ocean, species such as gulls can often be found thousands of miles inland.

The Sea Otter is a member of the Family Mustelidae, which includes weasels and badgers.

Sirenians include manatees, the Dugong.

However, all knowledge is subject to modification with new information.

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